The Fourth of July celebrates the birth of our nation. Through fireworks displays, historical reenactments and parades, we take time to give thanks to our founding fathers for the fortitude and foresight they showed in authoring our constitution and constructing the groundwork for a new type of nation.
As we reflect upon these historical events, upon what truly makes us unique as a nation, it makes sense to look at who the founding fathers truly were. In large part, they were farmers.
Of the 55 delegates who attended the Constitutional Convention, 14 were farmers. George Washington, the father of the nation, served as a military leader during the war for independence but, when he went home, he was a farmer.
Our nation has a strong basis in agriculture. Certainly, farming has changed over the years and evolved to meet the needs of a growing, developing society but the character of the farmer, fiercely independent, tirelessly optimistic and doggedly dedicated to hard work, remains an integral part of who we are today.
Thomas Jefferson himself often noted the importance of agriculture to the character of the young nation, famously saying:
“Cultivators of the earth are the most valuable citizens. They are the most vigorous, the most independent, the most virtuous, and they are tied to their country and wedded to its liberty and interests by the most lasting bands. “
This Independence Day, while spending time with family and community, take just a moment to think about the men and women who continue the proud tradition of our forefathers. Think about our farmers. Steadfast in their mission, they provide an abundance that sustains our people and fuels our country.
In a FarmDocDaily article, Good and Irwin noted that the U.S. corn industry experienced a significant “growth spurt” beginning in the 2007-08 marketing year that continued through the 2011-12 marketing year.
That 5-year boom period was characterized by larger consumption, larger production, and higher prices; a combination that demonstrates the strong demand for U.S. corn beginning in 2007-08. The issue moving forward is whether or not demand for U.S. corn has peaked. The answer to the question has important implications for corn prices, farm incomes, land prices, and corn processing and handling industries.
The question of future corn demand requires a look at each of the three major consumption sectors – ethanol, feed, and exports – and that is just what the economists did, coming up with this conclusion:
The recent period of growth in the U.S. corn industry appears to have peaked. The domestic ethanol market has hit the E10 blend wall and will be dependent on consumption of higher blends in order to expand total domestic consumption and to increase corn consumption. The domestic livestock industry is also mature and may require larger exports for production growth. Finally, the corn export market has become a lot more competitive in the past several years as high corn prices have stimulated an increase in world production. If the size of the U.S. corn market has peaked, a period of lower prices and reduced acreage may be required.
The key word in that last sentence is “if” and it can certainly be argued that there is still room for growth in the corn market, maybe not booming, but certainly not busting.
The House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Energy and Power held a hearing last week on government perspectives of the Renewable Fuels Standard. The hearing featured testimony from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
Adam Sieminksi with the EIA, made several points during his testimony regarding the RFS. “The RFS program is not projected to come close to achievement of the legislated target that calls for 36 billion gallons of renewable motor fuels use by 2022,” he noted first, adding that “Substantially increased use of biofuels can only occur if they can be used in forms other than the low percentage blends of ethanol and biodiesel that account for nearly all of their current use.”
Christopher Grundler, Director of EPA’s Office of Air and Radiation, noted that the agency has expanded the number of approved fuel pathways to help meet the RFS “including the recent finalization of a rule that includes certain renewable fuels from camelina, ethanol from energy cane, and renewable gasoline from various feedstocks” adding that they have also “proposed a rule that will expand the opportunity for use of additional new advanced biofuels, including cellulosic fuels from landfill biogas and advanced biobutanol from corn.”
USDA Chief Economist Dr. Joe Glauber focused his testimony on the impact of the RFS on agriculture. “Driven by a combination of favorable market forces and government biofuel policies, including the RFS, the increase has spurred corn production and corn use for ethanol and has been one of the factors in the recent grain price boom and overall improvements in farm balance sheets including record farm incomes over the past few years,” said Glauber. Noting that while livestock, dairy and poultry producers have “faced more uneven, and in some cases, declining returns” since 2005, Glauber said the ethanol co-product DDGS has increased as a livestock feed and USDA anticipates pressures on corn prices to continue to mitigate as more alternative feedstocks are used for biofuel production.
Despite the challenging planting conditions this spring USDA is saying that farmers have planted even more corn than last year and the most acres in 77 years, according to Friday’s Acreage report.
Corn planted area for all purposes in 2013 is estimated at 97.4 million acres, up slightly from last year. This represents the highest planted acreage in the United States since 1936 when an estimated 102 million acres were planted. Growers expect to harvest 89.1 million acres for grain, up 2 percent from last year.
Not only that, soybean acreage is a new record. Soybean planted area for 2013 is estimated at a record high 77.7 million acres, up 1 percent from last year. Area for harvest, at 76.9 million acres, is up 1 percent from 2012 and will be a record high, if realized. Record high planted acreage is estimated in New York, Pennsylvania, and South Dakota.
Corn acreage is up in 23 states, but most of them are not major corn producing areas. In fact, acreage is down in the big corn states of Iowa, Illinois, Indiana and Missouri but small increases are noted in states like Nebraska, North Dakota and Ohio.
The question is whether USDA will resurvey farmers now, based on the spring planting issues. The National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) has already announced it will collect updated information next month for acres planted to soybean in fourteen states, but no word on corn.
As an Iowa farmer, National Corn Growers Association President Pam Johnson knows how important biotechnology is for American farmers and this week she was on the road trying to get the message out that it is vital to the world as a whole.
“The continued use of biotechnology in agriculture is a key component to food security,” Johnson said during the American Association for the Advancement of Science’s Charles Valentine Riley Memorial Lecture in New York on Tuesday. “However, we need to greatly improve the public’s acceptance of biotechnology. Agriculture needs to lead the conversation on this important topic and provide education on the advancements of the industry. Consumers should be able to make decisions based on science and facts, not fearmongering.”
“For NCGA members, the biggest challenge is the approval of corn and corn products that are derived through biotechnology,” she said. “Unjustified regulations are costing family farmers millions in lost sales to the EU and could result in even great losses of U.S. exports if they are adopted by other countries.” She pointed out that 88% of the corn grown in the United States is derived from biotechnology, as it is in Brazil and Argentina.
The main point Johnson said the corn growers want to get across to USTR in these trade negotiations is that any agreement must be comprehensive and address any sanitary-phytosanitary barriers to agricultural trade up front. That means, she says, “nothing is agreed to until everything is agreed to.”
Across the United States this weekend, men and women will be picking up hot dogs and fireworks. They will be getting the grill ready and calling friends to finalize plans for the Fourth of July. While preparing for the Independence Day holiday, take a moment to think about what really enables our nation to remain free.
Our continued freedom has many aspects. One important one, one that each American can impact, is ensuring our nation’s energy security. Again, many factors contribute to energy security, but decreasing our reliance on foreign oil certainly plays a key role.
Getting ready for Independence Day, take just one moment to think about ethanol. Foreign oil made up 60 percent of U.S. liquid fuel in 2005, before the Renewable Fuel Standard went into place. By 2011, it fell to 41 percent. That major decrease in imported oil represented a major increase in energy independence.
All of this happened as the U.S. increased its use of ethanol, a domestic, renewable biofuel. In growing our energy independence, corn farmers and the ethanol industry also grew our nation’s rural economies. In doing so, they strengthened our country as a whole.
As you set off fireworks this July fourth – which are also made using corn by the way – take a moment to celebrate the many ways in which we keep our nation independent. Support the nation’s farmers and ethanol producers who play a role in doing so.
It was right about this time last year that the intense hot and dry weather started taking its toll on crops that had started off great. Just the opposite is true this year.
Corn is catching up in emergence and the condition is on the upswing according to USDA meteorologist Brad Rippey, who says 96% of the corn crop is now emerged, just a few points behind both the average and last year. “It’s looking pretty good and we’ve reached the crossover point from last year,” he said. “Last year at this time, corn condition was tanking.” Right now, 65% of the corn nationwide is in good to excellent condition, compared to 56% last year.
Rippey says there are a few trouble spots where it’s still a little too wet and emergence is behind. “Minnesota, 90% emerged; North Dakota, 87%; Wisconsin, 84% emerged on June 23,” he said, adding that soybean planting has caught up to within a few points of last year.
The photo here comes from the Facebook page of the most tech-savvy state ag director in the country. That would be our friend, farmer and former president of the National Corn Growers Association, Bill Northey, Iowa Secretary of Agriculture. He posted pics from the WHO Tractor Ride from Le Mars to Lawton yesterday.
The cafeterias that feed our nation’s federal legislators and their staffs are giving up giving up meat on Mondays.
Surprisingly, this actually causes strife in some circles. As detailed in a recent article in Politico, the Congressional Vegetarian Staff Association (yes, this is a real thing) holds the big beef lobby to blame for this sacrilege at the altar of the PC. Some cry foul, claiming the tradition-come-lately promotes what they deem to be a healthier diet. Seemingly, Congressional staffers share the same intense interest in lunch menus as employees across the country.
Some claim the practice should have been shut down as it is promoted by the Humane Society of the United States and similar radical groups. While this argument certainly holds water with anyone who hopes to have a pet or a burger someday, there is a much simpler reason that Meatless Mondays make no sense. They take away choice.
The country faces an obesity epidemic, and everyone has a solution. But, in the end, the workplace cafeteria should not become an agenda-driven diner that dictates diets. The lunch line may not offer your personal favorite option daily, but it should not force a particular, politically-motivated nutritional regime down your throat either.
Consumers, and even Congressional staffers, deserve options. Our nation’s farmers and ranchers provide a wide variety of nutritious food options. People should be able to dictate what they put into their own bodies.
So kudos to the kitchens of Congress for recognizing that lunches should be chosen, not dictated, every day of the week.
Thanks to highly mechanized planting and harvesting, plus the advantage of a crop that can be stored for long periods of time, corn growers are largely able to function without the use of a migrant work force. But, even those row crop farmers who don’t directly employ migrant laborers have a reason to care about comprehensive immigration reform.
The dairy industry is very dependent on a stable work force – year round, not just seasonal – and Dairy Farmers of America Board Chairman Randy Mooney made some pretty compelling points during a USDA forum on comprehensive immigration reform held Friday in Kansas City.
“We know from experience that too few domestic workers want these jobs and the issue is bigger than dairy,” said Mooney. Highly perishable specialty crop producers obviously need these workers, but Mooney says corn, bean and wheat farmers do as well, to meet the needs of the farms that buy their products. “For example, the U.S. dairy herd consumes more than 133 billion pounds of feed in the form of corn, corn silage, soybean meal and alfalfa each year,” he noted.
“Because of America’s farmers, we enjoy abundant, safe and affordable food in this country,” Mooney said. “In order to ensure that continues, we need Congress to pass comprehensive immigration reform,” Mooney added. See Mooney’s remarks at the event in the YouTube video below.
Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack was the keynote speaker at the Kansas City event. “We are blessed by the most productive, most innovative and most hard-working farmers and ranchers,” Vilsack said. “American agriculture is the greatest in the world, but we risk that if we don’t have certainty in our farm policy and we don’t have comprehensive immigration reform.”
The comprehensive immigration bill being considered by the Senate – with a final vote expected possibly this week – includes provisions for agriculture including a new “Blue Card” program for current experienced farm workers and a new agricultural visa program to meet future labor needs. The provisions in the bill were the result of an agreement reached between farm worker groups and agricultural organizations.
You seriously have to wonder why the American Motorcyclist Association (AMA) would hold a rally in Washington DC to protest the sale of 15% ethanol blended gasoline (E15), a fuel that is not approved for use in motorcycles.
“I think we need to look no further than the event sponsor – the American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers, otherwise known as our nation’s oil refiners,” said Renewable Fuels Association Director of Market Development Robert White about the “Fuel for Thought” rally held on Wednesday, June 19.
The AMA wants “independent testing of the E15 ethanol fuel blend in motorcycle and all-terrain vehicle engines before it is allowed for sale at retail gas stations,” even though it is the most tested fuel ever offered for sale in the United States, and – again – NOT approved for use in motorcycles. Period.
The AMA has “repeatedly expressed concerns to government officials and federal lawmakers about possible damage to motorcycles and ATVs from the inadvertent use of E15,” which is currently only available at 30 stations in six states. If I were a motorcyclist, I would be kind of offended by that. It gives the impression that they are too stupid to be able to read the bright orange warning labels on the pumps, required by law, that state the fuel can only be used in 2001 and newer cars and light trucks and flex fuel vehicles.
White, who is a motorcyclist himself, also points out there are many other fuels that should not be used in motorcycles. “(E15) is the only non-approved fuel for motorcycles that actually requires a label stating who can and cannot use the fuel. Think of diesel, kerosene and other fuels. I personally think of 85 octane that is not approved for any engine manufactured today, let alone motorcycles,” said White, noting that 85 octane is even for sale in Sturgis, South Dakota – site of the annual Sturgis Motorcycle Rally which RFA has sponsored for several years now specifically for the purpose of educating motorcycle owners about ethanol.
Most importantly, the EPA and the ethanol industry worked hard to make sure the concerns of motorcyclists were addressed when approving the fuel for use. “We actually strengthened our misfueling mitigation plan three times since its initial approval, all because of these concerns,” said White. “Since the latest approval in February 2013, the AMA has not found a problem with how it is sold, they just don’t want it for sale, proving that there was really no issue before.”
Bottom line to motorcyclists – don’t use E15 in your bikes, it’s illegal – but don’t stop the rest of us from being able to use it.